Belief and Evidence

  A rebuttal with evidence To the "Prayer Man" hypothesis

A rebuttal with evidence To the "Prayer Man" hypothesis

In the course of decades, various unproven and doubtful ideas have dominated the discourse of the Kennedy assassination. Often a quick fix to the intractable problems of the case offers a faulty premise; instead of providing substantial evidence theories and speculation dominate such ideas. However, in time the evidence always gains on them and forces greater scrutiny and higher standards of discourse and proof are required. 

The "Prayer Man" is similar to many other supposed "breakthroughs" coined by various people in the time since President Kennedy's death. These include the Doorway Man, the Badge Man, the Black Dog Man, the Red Bandana Man, and the Black Hole Man, among many others. All these ideas share a lack of verifiable evidence. They all are deficient and have not definitive proof but definite believers and the time has come to test these ideas. Among the largest problems with the "Prayer Man" is the indiscernible face of the subject regarded. The photograph used by supporters of the idea is not an original print; it does not represent a verified picture. Experts have not authenticated it, nor is the total amount of witnesses in the area known definitely. It remains merely a speculation to believe anyone in it was Lee Harvey Oswald. It is a desire, not evidence.

No witness testimony in the immediate area supports Oswald's presence and not a single witness identifies him in the area during the shots. Similar to "Doorway Man" claims of Billy Lovelady being Oswald, some claim the unknown "Prayer Man" is Oswald but not a single witness ever mentions him.i ii iii iv v No verifiable witness supports the "Prayer Man" idea, and thus neither does the witness evidence. So what do the Dealey Plaza witnesses closest to this figure say?

  TSBD Witness   Billy Nolan Lovelady

TSBD Witness Billy Nolan Lovelady

Witness Carolyn Arnold states, "I did not see Lee Harvey Oswald at the time President Kennedy was shot", Ochus Campbell states he has "...never seen him (Lee Harvey Oswald)", and Buell Frazier offers, "I did not see Lee Harvey Oswald at the time President Kennedy was shot".vi vii viii Otis Williams recalls seeing him inside the building perhaps, but never outside.ix William Shelly again reiterates he like others "...did not see Lee Harvey Oswald at the time Pres. Kennedy was shot" and Joe Molina never saw Lee Harvey Oswald that day.x xi Geraldine Reid states Oswald was not outside the building following the shots, but inside, and Pauline Sanders never saw Oswald.xii Virginia Baker states that she never observed Oswald anytime on the day of the President's assassination.xiii 

  Depository Witness Otis Williams

Depository Witness Otis Williams

Despite the many errors and inconsistencies in the President's Commission, none of these witnesses ever contends viewing Oswald at those key moments in the location of "Prayer Man".xiv  A decided problem in the idea is that Sean Murphy states in the related claims, "It seems reasonable to assume him a TSBD employee...assuming we can safely say Prayer Man is white".xv  I disagree it is never reasonable to assume in this case. This person could be from a number of businesses in the vicinity, a passerby, a tourist, any number of people besides Lee Harvey Oswald.

The Commission states, "There is still another category of speculation and rumor that complicated and broadened the work of the Commission. Numerous people claimed to have seen Oswald or Ruby at various times and places in the United States or abroad. Others insisted that during the days following the assassination, they had detected significant actions on television that- were witnessed by no one else..."xvi Indeed, many speculations have risen and fallen since then. Yet in this specific instance, the Commission actually agrees with all the witnesses. It is quite the novel idea considering how many witnesses that went otherwise ignored.

While a conspiracy is eminently feasible and supported by substantial evidence, that does not justify the "Prayer Man" claim. We cannot use the deficient speculations from decades ago if we seek to prove anything of value to affect the official case. There is no greater weapon to dispel official myth, than damning official evidence. All myths have the means of their undoing within themselves and to ignore the facts to embrace unproven fantasy is a waste of time and effort. 

Some defend this idea, they act as if substantial evidence supports it, but the facts do not suggest this wild speculation is accurate. Supporters often claim those opposed to the idea are not so because of the obvious inherent deficiency, but a nefarious agenda. Again, similar to the "Prayer Man" idea they are likely wrong because they are speculating without verifiable facts. They demand their claims be regarded not because of evidence, but in spite of it. To do so is to abandon what is verifiable for the endless murky seas of speculation and it does not matter whom it is using flawed methods because they are demonstrably flawed. 

Additional feasibly contending evidence includes the verbal statement of Lee Harvey Oswald himself.xvii Some suggest we cannot trust any of the evidence, which is ridiculous, for how else can we prove anything? If most evidence available indicates something, it is more than likely to have occurred. Consider the amount of work and people required to suppress this idea. It would be a large undertaking of little value, since the matter still proves nothing of substance. It is not a smoking gun in my view, but smoke and mirrors. 
C.A.A. Savastano
TPAAK Facebook

i.  Hearings of the President's Commission, Volume VI, Statement of Bill Nolan Lovelady, p. 338
ii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. III, Testimony of Harold Norman, p. 189
iii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. III, Testimony of James Jarman Jr., p. 201
iv. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of Virginia Baker, p. 635
v. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of Sarah Stanton, p. 675
vi. Federal Bureau of Investigation, 62-109060 JFK HQ File, Section EBF, Serial 2720, p. 1
vii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of Ochus Campbell, p. 845   
viii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of  Buell Frazier, p. 647
ix. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of Otis Williams, p. 683

x. Hearings of the Pres. Com, Vol. XXII, Statement of William H. Shelley, p. 673
xi. Hearings of the Pres. Com, Vol. XXII, Statement of Joe Molina, p.664
xii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. III, Statement of Geraldine Reid, p. 274
xiii. Hearings of the Pres. Com. Vol. XXII, Statement of Pauline Sanders, p. 672
xiv. Hearings of the Pres. Com., Vol. XXII, Statement of Mrs. Donald Baker (Rackley), p. 635
xv. Oswald leaving the TSBD?, the Education Forum, August 14, 2013, pp. 6, 11
xvi. Report of the President's Commission, Appendix 12: Speculations and Rumors, Other Rumors and Speculations, p. 638

xvii. 50 Years 50 Reasons, Len Oceanic, Episode 1, Press footage of Oswald (2:37), Black Op Radio,

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Another photographic claim Fails to prove its Assertions

Edited: December 2017