Cryptonyms are secret names used to conceal various people, places, and things. Cryptonyms are usually a combination of a locational prefix and a secondary word to represent the operation. Certain cryptonyms can relate to a group project and specific members of the operation. For example AMCONCERT would be an operation, person, or thing, and AMCONCERT-1 is a specific related person. However, the Central Intelligence Agency has altered prior names, used a single code name for multiple people, and ceased using some prior designations to prevent identification.
Most Recent Additions: KMULCER, AMRAZOR-1, PDDONOR, AEASPIC
Research accepted into the Mary Ferrell Foundation Collections (MFF)
AEASPIC: David Tzitzichvili
He was a sabotage asset hired for spotting agents and potential assassination operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Additional cryptonyms: WIROGUE-1) MFF
AECAMBARO-1: Freds Ziedonids Launags
He was a CIA Agent suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and was heavily involved with various members of Project AMCOB; at least one member of the related agents was a friend of Launags.
AECAMBARO-2: Arturs Leonids Brombergs
AECOB-1: Voldis Viksna
AECOB-3: Arturs Stankevics
AECOB-4: Ilmars Rupners
AECOB-6: Janis Presnikovs
AECOB-7: Vidvuds Sveics
He was the leader of the anti-Soviet Latvian resistance movement.
AECOB-8: Janis Ozolins
He was a former police officer and later bookkeeper used for Project AMCOB.
AECOB-9: Jekabs Parups
A forester who managed local timber resources in Latvia.
AECOB-10: Andrejs Apsits
He was a Swedish CIA agent stationed inside Latvia conducting intelligence gathering operations.
AECOB-12: Eduards Millers
He was utilized to provide one of the multiple safe houses used by agents and assets for Project AECOB.
AECOB-13: August Gruzduls
He was recruited by CIA employee Freds Launags to provide a safe house for use in Project AECOB.
AECOB-14: Arvids Vigants
CIA employee Freds Launags recruited him to establish one of multiple Latvian safe houses for operational purposes.
AECOB-15: Alexander Bong
He was the father of an unnamed CIA contract agent who served as a letter drop location for AECOB-1.
AEOCEAN-3: Philip R. Neilson (MFF)
Neilson was a tourist agent for the CIA in Russia who married and immigrated with a Russian wife the CIA suspected of being a KGB asset.
AEREADY-2: Constantine Mierlak
Meirlak was responsible for the selection and spotting of all CIA AEREADY candidates and was consulted on Soviet propaganda in the media.
AMAUTO-1: Orestes Guillermo Ruiz-Perez (MFF)
Ruiz-Perez was a DGI (Cuban intelligence) officer in Madrid that served under official cover as the Cuban Ambassador.
AMBIDDY-1: Manuel Artime Buesa (MFF)
Cuban exile leader that was involved in the Bay of Pigs and several other Agency funded operations that include his direct control of autonomous exile forces.
AMBLEAK-1: Estaben Jacquin Blanco Sanchez (MFF)
A Cuban official, CIA informant, and anti-Castro exile group member who assisted with courier services inside Cuba.
AMBRONC-5: Juan Manuel Guillot Castelloro (MFF)(*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele)
He was an undercover CIA agent who made trips to Cuba for recruitment of anti-Castro forces.
AMBRUSH: Intel Section of the Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD) (MFF)
The internal part of a large anti-Castro association of separate exile groups that focused on intelligence related operations.
AMCLATTER-4: Pedro Fernandez (MFF)
He gathered intelligence that included in Cuba at the request of Havana Station.
AMCONCERT-1: Francisco Wilfredo Varona Alonso (MFF)
He provided information to the CIA's Havana Station to assist in official propaganda supporting the defection of the Cuban dictator's sister Juanita Castro.
AMCOOP-1: Miguel Xiques Marcias (MFF)
He is a retired Cuban diplomat, informant, and friend of Costa Rica's Ambassador to Cuba who seemingly transported diplomatic packages.
AMECRU-1: Guillermo Alonso Pujol (MFF)
Pujol was a former Vice President of Cuba and Bay of Pigs veteran.
AMDIP-1: Manuel Antonio de Varona Loredo (MFF)
He was a leading delegate of the Cuban Revolutionary Council (CRC) and former Cuban Prime Minister.
AMHAWK-2: Jesus Exposito Lorenzo (MFF)
Agency Cuban asset reporting to Havana Station associated with Antonio de Varona.
AMICE-14, AMSTALK-1: Miguel A. Diaz Isalgue (MFF)
He was a Cuban exile used by the CIA's JMWAVE Station to conduct over a dozen clandestine infiltrations of subjects into Cuba.
AMICE-31: Reinaldo Pico Ramon (MFF)
Ramon was a veteran of the Bay of Pigs who later defected and subsequently the CIA used him for propaganda operations.
AMJUTE-1: Arnesto Napoleon Rodriguez y Gonzalez (MFF)
An exile asset used for CIA surveillance operations.
AMLASH-2: Jorge Carlos Robreno Marieguez aka "El Mago" (The Wizard) (MFF)
Robreno was a Captain in the Cuban Revolutionary Army and President of the Revolutionary Tribunals in La Cabana Prison. He organized, led, and participated in the execution of dozens of men by firing squad. Among his victims were former Castro supporter William Morgan.
AMLASH-3: Alberto Blanco Ramirez aka "El Loco" (The Crazy One) (MFF)
He was instructed by AMLASH-1 (Rolando Cubela) to contact the CIA to obtain assistance for his attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro and other leading members of the Cuban regime.
AMOT-87: Mercedes Maria de los Angeles Meana Contina (MFF)
Contina performed intelligence reporting and translation for the Agency and its assets.
AMOT-99: Julio Fernandez Gonzales (MFF)
Gonzalez served the Intelligence and Security forces of the Frente Revolucionario Democratico (FRD) Cuban exile association.
AMPANIC-2: Antonio Santiago Ruiz (MFF)
Santiago was among a breakaway sect within one political group overseen by Cuban exile leader Antonio Varona Loredo and he assisted in the creation a rival exile group.
AMPANIC-7: Emilio Adolfo Rivero Caro (MFF)(*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele)
AMPANIC-14: Juan de Jesus Arbelo Zabaleta
AMPATROL-1: Jose Antonio Gomez Perez (MFF)
AMPHODARCH: A group of foreign agents located at the University of Havana under the direction of CIA Agent Ross Crozier. (MFF)
AMRAZOR-1: A yet unidentified Cuban asset used for intelligence purposes by JMWAVE station. (MFF)
AMSAIL-1: Carlos Fernandez Trujillo (MFF) (*Furnsihed by Matthew Scheufele)
AMSLAW-1: Pedro Julio Martinez Fraga y Fernandez (MFF)
Fernandez was among the anti-Castro exiles critical of the CIA and the former Cuban Ambassador to the United States.
Mexico City Station used this penetration agent with access to Cuban Embassy personnel to influence Cuban intelligence operations.
AMSMILE-1: Ernesto Betancourt (MFF)
He was a former ally and later critic of Fidel Castro and wielded significant influence within the community, among his allies was Manuel Ray Rivero.
AMTHUG-1: Fidel Castro (MFF)
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz the later dictator of Cuba who seized power from corrupt autocrat Fulgencio Batista and eventually converted the nation to a Communist stronghold.
BE: Locational prefix for the nation of Poland (MFF)
BGACTRESS: International Organizations Division (MFF)
This group funded anti-Communist publications and pro-Western media in Europe within the CIA's Directorate for Plans.
BGCANE: CIA Office of Policy Coordination
BGMURDER: West Germany
This was the democratic zone of the formerly divided German nation.
BGGYPSY: The nation of Russia and Russian related matters (MFF)
BKHERALD, BKCROWN: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (Additional cryptonyms: PNJEWEL) (MFF)
BESMIRCH-2: Wilhelm Karl Ludtke
Ludtke was a former Nazi police official serving as a spotter, recruiter, and generated leads for Project BESMIRCH. He was additionally used to supervise and conduct surveillance against Soviet officials, contacts, and government installations for Project CAUTERY.
CAMEN: The West German Federal Criminal Police
CASCOPE: The West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND)
CATOMIC-3: Heinrich Bandholz
CAUTERY-1: Hanz Friederich Lobbes
He was an expelled member of the Nazi party for his alleged connection to the 20th July Plot to assassinate Adolph Hitler and was employed as police officer for most of his life. Officials later utilized him as the lead agent of Project CAUTERY to develop an intelligence network to gather leads on Soviet defectors.
CAUTERY-2: Theodor Saevecke
Saevecke prior served the Third Reich as a police employee, was reportedly part of a Nazi death squad in Poland, and later became Chief of the SS in Milan. Subsequently German officials appoint him to lead the Gestapo in Milan and he served in Africa before his later enlistment by the CIA as a foreign agent.
CAUTERY-3: Walter Mellenthin
He investigated leads for the possible use of defectors and was dispatched to Soviet controlled Dresden to investigate a failed defection lead. Subsequently he disappears and officials believe enemy forces arrested, compromised, and consigned him to Mokotow Prison in Warsaw, Poland.
CAUTERY-4: Wilhelm Ludtke
(Additional cryptonyms: BESMIRCH-2, see BESMIRCH-2 for his description)
CAUTERY-5: Werner Franz Glasenapp
Glassenapp was a former agent of the Nazi Gestapo Secret Police that was fired because he sought to financially gain by use of his position; he was later cut off from the CIA because of reportedly selling intelligence material to enemy agencies.
CAUTERY-6: Johann Dosse
He joined the Belarusian White Guard after his parent's murder and the destruction of his home by the Bolsheviks, Dosse in time worked importing fruit to Germany and for the later Soviet occupiers translating while he secretly aiding Soviet defectors until his later arrest by Communist officials. Subsequently he later escaped to Berlin and was used by the Agency to generate leads and facilitate enemy defector and refugee information.
CAUTERY-8: Andreas Lottum
Andreas Lottum was a construction materials administrator reporting to the Soviet Defense Construction Staff within Russian controlled East Germany. Officials recruited him to provide intelligence and information regarding Soviet civil and defensive construction operations he and his wife later fled to the West after he believed Soviet intelligence officials were observing them.
CAUTERY-10: Elfina Mellenthin
Elfina Mellenthin served the Agency gathering intelligence in Soviet controlled areas. She and her former husband Walter Mellethin (CAUTERY-3) both were interrogated while following Soviet intelligence leads in separate encounters. However, she was able to convince Soviet officials that she was not an intelligence agent.
CAUTERY-16: Horst Paul Vetterman
He served the Nazi Army during WWII in Russia and Germany but local East German police called him an untrustworthy political refugee and he told US officials he was skilled in sabotage having reportedly prior undertaken plots against Soviet targets.
CAUTERY-18: Heinrich Kutzler
CIMOTIF-1: This unknown person was a member of the JURE Cuban exile group that was
undertaking anti-Castro support in Panama until they were forced to flee.
CORAL: A specialized military clearance provided to a select group of paramilitary and intelligence officials. (MFF)
DI: Locational prefix for the nation of Czechoslovakia (MFF)
DIZTAG: The nation of Czechoslovakia (MFF)
DM: Locational prefix for the nation of Yugoslavia (MFF)
DMLIVID: Major Djurorie Dujare Djurorie (MFF)
Djurorie agreed to smuggle industrial diamonds for Jose Mankel (QJWIN) to establish a cover for Mankel's CIA assignment in the Congo.
DN: Locational prefix for the nation of South Korea (MFF)
DTFROGS: The nation of El Salvador (MFF)
DYMADNESS: The United States Department of the Navy
DYMAGPIE: The United States Department of the Army
DYMAROON: The United States Department of State
FJHAKI: The nation of Estonia
GIAGAR-7: This person was a member of the GIAGAR Group supporting anti-Castro operations in Columbia. (MFF)
HBFAIRY: The nation of France (MFF)
HBFINCH: A US Embassy (MFF)
Sometimes accompanied by name of the related Embassy's location, for example HBFINCH Mexico City would represent the US Embassy in Mexico City.
HTEXOTIC: The German city of Munich
HTKEEPER: Mexico City (MFF)
HTPLUME: The nation of Panama (MFF)
HBTROUT: The nation of Canada
KDFACTOR: A foreign intelligence project using surveillance that focused on the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City. (MFF)
KMFLUSH: The nation of Nicaragua (MFF)
KMPLEBE: The nation of Peru (MFF)
KMULCER: The nation of Italy (MFF)
KOBIRD: The CIA East Asia Division
KUCHAP: The CIA Deputy Director of Intelligence
KUJAZZ: The CIA Office of National Estimates (MFF)
KUJUMP: The CIA Office of Operations (MFF)
KUMONK: CIA Office of Political Analysis (MFF)
LCPANGS: The nation of Costa Rica (MFF)
LHGRAB: East German Intelligence Services
LICOWL-1: An unidentified CIA double agent in Mexico City (MFF)
LIEMPTY-19: Hester Roos De Alvarez (MFF)
LIPSTICK-20: Joseph Alvarez Durant (MFF)
LITAINT-1: Angel Lorenzo Saavedra Correa (MFF)
Correa was the former Cuban Military and Air Attaché that defected to the United States in 1960.
LITAINT-7: Antonio Montanes (MFF)
Antonio R. Montanes, the former Second Secretary of the Cuban embassy in Mexico City who defected and denounced the Cuban regime at a press conference supported by the CIA's Mexico City Station.
LNAGON: Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (MFF)
LNERGO: Federal Bureau of Investigation (MFF)
LPOVER: Conover Mast Publications (MFF)
ODINCH: The National Security Agency (MFF)
PDDONOR: Yuriy Ivanovich Nosenko (MFF)
He was a KGB defector that was held for years by the CIA but later was hired for advisement and training. However, additional modern research calls into question his prior role of being a possible false defector sent to discredit prior defecting agents.
PNJEWEL: The CIA (Additional cryptonyms: BKHERALD and BKCROWN)
PNORACLE: The CIA Directorate of Intelligence
QJBANNER-1: Arnold M. Silver (MFF)
He served as the Chief of Luxemburg Station and was responsible for recruiting Jose Mankel (QJWIN) for William Harvey's operational
QJWIN: Jose Marie Andre Mankel (MFF)
Mankel was a criminal asset hired by the Agency for spotting candidates, sabotage, and potential assassination operations.
QKCIGAR: United States Government
QUHOPS-1: Jose Luis Gonzalez Gallarreta (MFF)
He was associated with the CIA AMLASH Operation to assassinate Fidel Castro and members of his regime.
QUSWIFT-1: Earl Williamson (MFF)
The Agency's Chief of Madrid Station in Spain.
REDCOAT: Information regarding the CIA's Soviet East European Division (MFF)(*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele)
REDSKIN: A program using legal traveler sources who gathered intelligence while visiting the Soviet Union. (MFF)
REDTOP: CIA Soviet Russia Division (MFF)
REDWOOD: Information Indicator for Soviet Russia Division (MFF)(*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele)
SM: Locational prefix for the nations comprising the United Kingdom (MFF)
UNRUMBLE-2: Pedro Ruiz Quintero (MFF)
He was a Cuban medical student living in Paris that a CIA asset considered using for intelligence gathering purposes.
UNSNAFU-9: Luis Trasancos (MFF)
He was a Central Intelligence Agency penetration agent at the Cuban Embassy in Paris, and connected to Rolando Cubela.
ZRCHEST: Special cable routing for a sensitive counterintelligence case (MFF)
Pseudonyms are false names used for a person, group, or place usually associated with intelligence work.
Most Recent Additions: Thomas B. Casasin, Walter P. Haltigan, Harold S. Whiting
Research accepted by the Assassination Archives and Research Center (AARC)
Mr. Trathcante: Santos Trafficante (U.S. Mafia leader of Tampa, Florida)
THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (CIA, the Agency, the Company)
Mr. Abbot (*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele) David Atlee Phillips (CIA Foreign Intelligence Chief Officer in Mexico City)
Jeremy K. Benedum: George Frederick Munro (Former Agency FBI Liaison living in Mexico City) (AARC)
Thomas B. Casasin: Jacques Richardson (CIA Officer who considered using Lee Harvey Oswald for intelligence purposes)
Harold E. Dahlgren: Oliver N. Aimack (CIA Western Hemisphere Division officer who dealt with some matters related to George de Mohrenschildt in Haiti) (AARC)
Charles S. Guymers: Serafino Romualdi (Romualdi was a labor and trade union leader who provided information to the CIA) (AARC)
Walter P. Haltigan: James M. Flint (Chief of the Paris Station Soviet Section)
Thomas K. Jadwin: Bronson Tweedy (Africa Division leader, Chief of Eastern Europe Division, and Deputy Director of the CIA) (AARC)
Dudley P. Jentons: J. Deering Danielson (Danielson was a staff employee at CIA's JMWAVE Station)(AARC)
Pickney E. Lynade: Richard Bissell ( He served as the Agency Deputy Director for Plans and was the architect of the Bay of Pigs)
Morgan O. Maestri: Roddy B. Lyons (CIA employee) (AARC)
Samuel G. Orrison: Stanley Moos (CIA Officer involved with the Bay of Pigs and under the control of Mexico City Station) (AARC)
Harold S. Whiting: Frank Wisner (He served as the Agency Deputy Director for Plans and was a former member of the Office of
(Separate links for the pseudonym and true name appear when multiple documents are required)
UNIDAD REVOLUCIONARIA (UR, Anti-Castro militant group)
(The Black Falcons were a division of the UR)
Atila: Jose Antonio Darla Rodriguez (Black Falcons member)
Brito: Eduardo Antonio Baez Ayaia (Black Falcons member)
Ulises: Juan Gonzalez Perez (Black Falcons member)
Cazador: Luis Poveda Carriles (Black Falcons member)
Combate: Antonio Cuesta Del Valle (Black Falcons member)
Duncan: Ramon Cubenas Conde (Black Falcons member)
François: Ramon Font Samuel (Black Falcons member)
Guajiro: Raul Gonzales (Black Falcons member)
Horacio: Hector Febles (Military coordinator of the Black Falcons)
Jackie: Manuel Rodriguez Treto (Black Falcons member)
Tulio: Jose Dorrego Diego (Black Falcons member)
Jose: Eduardo Perez Gonzalez (Black Falcons member)
Marcos: Roberto Fuentes Planas (Black Falcons member)
Maxi: Maximino Casal Fernandez (Black Falcons member)
Nazi: Jose Roberto Gallinat Sanz (Black Falcons member)
Ocampo: Bonifacio Herrera (Black Falcons member)
Oswaldo: Jose Lopez (Commander of the Black Falcons)
Rauling: Raul Gramatges (UR Black Falcons member)
Al Smith: Julio G. Garcia (Military advisor of the UR Black Falcons)
Si-Jen: Chao Kuo Tse (National Coordination Cuban-Chinese Anti-Communist Alliance)
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE DIRECTORATE (Dirección General De Inteligencia, DGI, Cuban Intelligence Service, G-2 )
Federico: Alfredo Mirabal Diaz (Cuban Embassy Consul in Mexico City and DGI Officer)
Gualterio: Earle Perez Friman (Cuban Intelligence officer that defected and returned to Cuban service)
Aliases are false identities often used by criminals and intelligence operatives.
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
John Jacques Berger: Jose Marie Andre Mankel (CIA contracted agent used in African operations)
Leopoldo Chernetsky: Leo Cherne (CIA Analyst and member of several US advocacy groups)
Danilo Freitas: Daniel Flores (Directorate for Plans Special Affairs Staff)
Hugh W. Newstead (P.O. Box Alias): E. Howard Hunt (CIA Officer involved in anti-Castro exile operations)
Harold Francis Safley: Harold Francis Swenson (CIA supervisor for Headquarters Counterintelligence Staff)
William Walker: William K. Harvey (CIA Officer who designed multiple sabotage and political assassination operations)
Frank Fiorini, Fred Frank Fiorini, Fred Attile, Frank Campbell, Frank Attila, Frank Bonelli: Frank Sturgis (Former Castro regime official, anti-Castro mercenary, paramiltary trainer, and CIA informant)
Joe A. Cramer, Joe A. Kramer, Joe Crane, Robert A. Nolan: Richard Case Nagell (Former military intelligence officer who suffered serious brain injuries and later made unverified claims regarding the assassination of President Kennedy)
Brand: Emilio Adolfo Rivero Caro (*Furnished by Matthew Scheufele)
Angelo Bruno: Tancredi Tortora (United States Mafia leader of Philadelphia, Pennslyvania)
Sam Flood, Sam Mooney, Momo Salvatore Giancana, Albert Manusco, Alberto Masusco, Anthony de Bendo,
J. A. Collins, Russell Paige, John de Santos, Morris Simon, R. Costa, Sam Morris (additional similar alias variations
of those prior listed are in the document as well): Sam Giancana (United States Mafia leader of Chicago, Illinois)
Johnny Roselli: Filippo Sacco (Mafia hitman approached by the CIA to assassinate Fidel Castro and repeatedly associated with CIA
Officer William Harvey)